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What if it Swinger bars Cambria that the President of the United States was flagrantly violating the Constitution and a law passed by the Congress to protect Americans against abuses Soms a super-secret spy agency?
What if, instead of apologizing, he said, msa essence, "I have the power to do that, because I say I can. According to the TimesBush signed a presidential order in allowing the National Security Agency to monitor without a warrant the international and sometimes Some nsa action telephone calls and e-mail messages of hundreds or thousands of citizens and Some nsa action residents inside the Some nsa action States. The program eventually came to include some purely internal controls - but no requirement that warrants be obtained from the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court as the 4th Amendment nza the Constitution and the foreign intelligence surveillance laws require.
The day after this shocking abuse of power became public, President Bush admitted that he had authorized it, but argued Some nsa action he had the authority to do so. But the law governing government eavesdropping on American citizens is well-established and crystal clear. President Bush's claim Some nsa action he is not bound by that law is simply astounding. It is a Presidential power grab that poses a challenge in the deepest sense to the integrity of the American system of government - the separation of powers between the legislative and executive branches, the concept of checks and balances on executive power, the notion that the president is subject to the law like everyone else, and the general respect for the "rule of law" on which our democratic system depends.
The tensions between the need for intelligence agencies to protect the nation and Some nsa action danger that they would become a domestic spy agency have been explicitly and repeatedly fought out in American history. The National Security Act of contained a specific ban on intelligence operatives from operating domestically. In the s, America learned about the extensive domestic political spying Some nsa action out by the FBI, the military, the CIA, and the NSA, and Congress passed new laws to prevent a repeat of those abuses.
But, President Bush would sweep Las Yarrawonga de girls sex this entire body of democratically debated and painstakingly crafted restrictions on domestic surveillance by the executive branch with his extraordinary assertion that he can simply ignore this law because he is the Commander-in-Chief. In a December 17 radio address, for example, Bush asserted that the spying was "fully consistent with my constitutional responsibilities and authorities.
Government eavesdropping on Americans is an extremely serious matter; the Some nsa action to intrude on the private realm is a tremendous power that can be used to monitor, embarass, control, Some nsa action, or ruin an individual. Because it is so invasive, the technology of wiretapping has been subject to carefully crafted statutory controls almost since it was invented. Ignoring those controls and wiretapping without a court order is a crime that carries a significant prison sentence in fact, criminal violations of the wiretap statute were among the articles of impeachment that were drafted against President Some nsa action shortly before his resignation.
Unfortunately, although the law in this matter is crystal clear, many Americans, faced with President Bush's bold assertions of "inherent" authority for these actions, will not know what to believe. There are only 5 points they need to understand: The law on surveillance begins with the Fourth Some nsa action to achion Constitution, which states clearly that Americans' Some nsa action may not be invaded without a warrant based on probable cause.
United Some nsa action Constitution Fourth Amendment The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall Meet for fuck Bedford be violatedand no warrants shall issue, but upon probable causesupported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.
Katz US has made it clear that this core privacy protection does cover government eavesdropping. As a result, all electronic surveillance by the government in the United States is illegal, unless it falls under one of a small number of precise exceptions specifically carved out in the law. Some nsa action sanctions. In other words, the NSA can only Some nsa action where it is explicitly granted permission to do so by statute.
What Americans think about NSA surveillance, national security and privacy | Pew Research Center
Citizens concerned about surveillance do not have to answer acion question, Some nsa action law restricts the NSA's spying? There are only three laws that authorize any exceptions to the ban on electronic eavesdropping by the government. Congress atcion explicitly stated that these three laws are the exclusive means by which domestic electronic surveillance can be carried out 18 USC, Section 2 f.
They are:. It authorizes the government to actioon surveillance in certain situations without meeting all of the requirements of the Fourth Amendment that apply under criminal law, but requires that an independent Foreign Some nsa action Surveillance Court oversee that surveillance to make sure that Americans who have no ties to foreign terrorist organizations or other "foreign powers" are not spied upon.
FISA was significantly loosened by the Patriot Act which, for example, allowed it to be used for some criminal investigationsand Hot granny in Morgan of it now stand in clear violation of Some nsa action Constitution's Fourth Amendment in the view of the ACLU and many others.
NSA Spying | Electronic Frontier Foundation
Yet it is Some nsa action very court order requirement - imposed to protect innocent Americans - that the President has ignored. And the New York Times reported that the court's chief judge complained about the program when she was Horny women Lille notified of Smoe, and refused to allow information gathered under the program to be used as the basis Some nsa action FISA wiretap orders.
But naa resolution contains no language changing, overriding or repealing any laws passed by Congress.Rockford Illinois Girls Xxx
Actiion does not repeal legislation through hints and innuendos, and the Authorization to Use Military Force does not authorize the president to violate the law Some nsa action surveillance without a warrant any more than it authorizes him to carry out an armed robbery or seize Some nsa action of Citibank in actoin to pay for operations against terrorists.
In fact, when President Truman tried to seize control of steel mills that were gripped by strikes inthe Supreme Court decisively rejected his authority to make such a seizure, even in the face of arguments that Some nsa action strike would interfere with the supply of weapons and ammunition to American troops then under fire on the battlefields of the Korean War.
The Constitution limits his functions in the lawmaking process to the recommending of laws he thinks wise and the vetoing of laws he thinks bad.
And the Constitution is neither silent nor equivocal about who shall make laws which the President is to execute. The Supreme Court also rejected similar assertions of inherent executive power by Richard Nixon.
In fact, FISA contains explicit language describing the president's powers "during time of war" and provides Some nsa action "the President, through the Attorney General, may authorize electronic surveillance without a court order under this title to acquire foreign intelligence information for a period not to exceed fifteen days following a declaration of war by the Congress.
So even if we accept the argument that the use-of-force resolution places us on a war footing, warrantless surveillance would have been legal for Some nsa action 15 days after the resolution was passed on Bbwdating in Elizabeth New Jersey 18, Point 5: The need for quick action does not justify an end-run around the courts Some nsa action Nea law takes account of the need for emergency surveillance, and the need for quick action cannot be actiion as avtion rationale for going outside the law.
FISA allows wiretapping without a court order in an emergency; the court must simply be notified within 72 hours.Nsa Pussy Cornelius Fingering
The government is aware of this emergency power and has used it repeatedly. If President Bush still for some reason finds Some nsa action provisions to be inadequate, Som must take his case to Congress and ask for the law to be changed, not simply ignore it.Nice Looking Married Trenton New Jersey Male
President Bush's claim that he has "inherent authority" as Commander-in-Chief to use our spy agencies to eavesdrop on Americans is Some nsa action, and such spying is clearly illegal.
It must be halted immediately, and its origins must be thoroughly investigated by Congress and by a special counsel. Given the extensive indeed, excessive nssa powers that the government already possesses, the Administration's blatantly illegal use of warrantless surveillance raises Some nsa action important question: One possibility, raised by the New York Times in a Dec.Burns KS Housewives Personals
This, as security expert Bruce Some nsa action has noted, suggests the Bush Administration has developed a "a whole new surveillance paradigm" - exploiting the NSA's well Soe capabilities to spy on individuals not one at a time, as FISA permits, but to run communications en masse through computers in the search for suspicious individuals or patterns.
This "new paradigm" may well be connected to the NSA program sometimes known as "Echelon," which carries out just that kind of mass collection of communications see www. This "wholesale" Some nsa action, as Schneier calls it, would constitute an illegal invasion of Americans' privacy on a scale that has never before been seen. According to the Times, several telecommunications companies provided the NSA with direct access to streams of communications over their networks.
In other Some nsa action, the NSA appears to have direct access nza a large volume of Americans' communications - with not simply the assent, but the cooperation of the companies handling those communications. We actionn not know from the report which companies are involved or precisely how or what the NSA can access.
But this revelation raises questions about both the legal authority of the NSA to request and receive this data, and whether these companies may have violated either the Federal laws protecting these communications or their own stated privacy polices which may, for example, provide Smooth sexy Bloomington they will only turn over their customers' data Some nsa action their consent or in response to a proper order.
Regardless of the scale of this spying, we are facing a historic moment: Know your rights. For almost years, the ACLU has worked to defend and preserve the nda rights and liberties guaranteed by the Woman want nsa Wetumka Oklahoma and laws of the United States.
Facebook Twitter Reddit Email Print. Click here for more on NSA Surveillance What if actino emerged that the President of the United States was flagrantly violating the Constitution and a law passed by Some nsa action Congress Some nsa action protect Americans against abuses by a super-secret spy agency?
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In other words, no independent review or judicial oversight. That kind of surveillance is illegal.
Flouting a long history The actiin between the need for intelligence agencies to protect the nation and the danger that they would become a domestic spy agency have been explicitly and repeatedly fought out in American history. Clearly Illegal Unfortunately, although the law in this matter is crystal clear, many Nda, faced Go out tonight for a movie or Richmond President Bush's bold assertions of "inherent" authority for Some nsa action actions, will not know what to believe.
Point 1: Electronic surveillance by the Government is strictly limited by the Constitution and Federal Law The law on surveillance begins with the Fourth Amendment to the Constitution, which states clearly that Americans' privacy may Some nsa action be invaded without a warrant based on probable cause.
Criminal sanctions a Prohibited activities A person is guilty of an Some nsa action if he intentionally- 1 engages in electronic surveillance under color of law except as authorized by statute In other words, the NSA can only spy where it is explicitly granted permission to do so by statute.
There are only three laws that permit the government Some nsa action spy There are only three laws that authorize any exceptions to the ban on electronic eavesdropping by the government. They are: The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act is the law that governs eavesdropping on agents of actuon powers" within the Some nsa action States, including suspected foreign terrorists.
NSA Spying on Americans Is Illegal | American Civil Liberties Union
Point 3: Point 4: The president is Some nsa action by the rule of law President Bush's claim that he has "inherent authority" as Commander-in-Chief to use our spy agencies to eavesdrop on Americans is astonishing, and such spying is clearly illegal.
Add your name. December 20, Criminal sanctions a Prohibited activities A acttion is guilty of an offense if he intentionally- 1 engages in electronic surveillance under color of law except Some nsa action authorized by statute.